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The festial of Sarhul is celebrated during the Spring Season when the Saal trees get new flowers.


Karam festival is held on the 11th day of the phases of moon in Bhadra month.

Hal Punhya

A festival which begins with the fall of winter, Hal punhya symbolizes the beginning of ploughing. The farmers, to symbolize this auspicious morning, plough two and half circles of their agricultural land. This day is also regarded as a mark of good fortune.

Bhagta Parab

This festival that comes between the period of spring and summer, Bhagta Parab is celebrated to worship Budha Baba. People fast during the day. After worship in the evening, devotees take part in dynamic and vigorous Chhau Dance with much gymnastic actions and masks.


Maybe, the first festival of Jharkhand, this festival signals the start of sowing seeds in the field. Farmers start sowing seeds from this day.


A festival mainly for the animals, Bandana is one of the most popular festivals celebrated during the black moon of month of Kartik (Kartik Aamavashya). On the occasion, people wash, clean, paint, decorate and well feed their cows, bulls and other domestic animals.


Jani-Shikaar is held once every 12 years. On the occasion, the womenfolk wear menswear and go for hunting in forest.

Tusu Parab or Makar

A harvest festival held during the winter in the last day of Poush month, Tusu also holds a great significance for the unmarried girls. Girls decorate a wooden/ bamboo frame with colored paper and then gift it to the nearby hilly river.

Sonepur Cattle Fair

Legend apart, the famous Sonepur fair in more of a cattle trading centre where incredible number of birds and cattle are brought from different parts of the country. Besides, the bewildering array of wares are on sale and add to this the numerous folk shows about which the BBC once remarked, "there's nothing like the Sonepur Cabaret." The time to start is very early in the morning when the fog is suddenly pierced by the sun and the huge gathering has just emerged from the holy dip in the cold absolving waters. The mela takes place in November that lasts upto a fortnight, provides enough time to talk to the parrots, watch the elephants being bathed leisurely, followed by ear splitting trumpets and then the artists working up with colourful designs to decorate the elephants as if the pachyderm has been tatooed all over, see the horses being tested for their speed and stamina, big bulky buffaloes being milked and likewise all other animals demonstrating their skill, strength and productivity.

Makar Sankranti Mela

Famous Makar Sankranti mela is another festival unique to Rajgir in the month of Paus, corresponding to mid January. Devotees make flower offerings to the deities of the temples at Hot springs and bathe in the holy water. Another historic place associated with fifteen day long Makar Sankranti mela is the Mandar hills in Banka district. Puranic legends accounts for a great deluge which witnessed the creation of a Asura that threatened the gods. Vishnu cut off the Asura's head and piled up the body under the weight of the Mandar hill. The famous panchjanya - the sankh (counch shell) used in the Mahabharat war is believed to have been found here on the hills. Traces, akin to serpent coil can be seen around the hill and it is believed that the snake god offered himself to be used as a rope for churning the ocean to obtain the amrit (nectar).

Patna Sahib Mahotsav

Patna Sahib Mahotsav (festival), is an annual two day cultural event at Patna, India. It is organized by the Tourism Department of Government of Bihar, is usually celebrated around Baisakhi near Takht Sri Patna Sahib, the birthplace of tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh.


Chaath in Bihar can best be seen at Deo in Aurangabad or Baragaon near Nalanda, noted for their sun temples. Unlike other sun temples in India that faces East, the temple at Deo faces west and during the festival time it is the most crowded place. It is strange to see a Brahmin standing in the river water next to a Harijan ! The festival is more of a sacrifice which entails purificatory preparation. It can be performed by men or women, irrespective to caste or creed. Chaath commences with the end of Deepavali when the house is thoroughly cleaned, family members go in for a holy dip, strict saltless vegetarian menu is observed (even onions and garlic are considered unwanted during the entire festival period), all earthen vessels are reserved for the period only and all possible purity of food is adhered to; clothes have to be unstitched and people sleep on the floor.

The person observing the Chaath (known as Parvati) observes dawn to dusk fast which concludes with sweets. This is followed by another fast for 36 hours till the dawn of the final day when puja commences at the river bank much before sunrise. The disciplined parvatis remain in water from late midnight until the ray of dawn streaks the horizons. The river is now flooded with offerings to the sun which is followed by breakfast and distribution among the gatherings.

Chhapaar Mela

The Chhapaar Mela is celebrated in the village of Chhapaar in the district of Ludhiana every September.

Roshni Mela – Fair of Lights

This fair is held in Jagraon from the 14th to the 16th of Phagun in honor of a Muslim Pir, Abdul Kader Jalani. It is held in the vicinity of his tomb.

Prof. Mohan Singh Mela

Prof. Mohan Singh Mela is a cultural festival, where artists, writers, poets and dancers from all over Punjab gather and perform. The aim of this festival is to promote Punjabi culture, language and literature.

Kisan Mela

Punjab Agricultural University organizes a Kisan Mela in Ludhiana every year, where new techniques of farming are shown to the farmers. New hybrid quality seeds of food grains are displayed and sold. The unique features of the Kisan Mela are agro-industrial exhibitions, field demonstrations and question-answer session, besides, provision of diagnostic services, sale of seeds, and sale of farm literature.

Chet Chudash Mela

Chet Chudash Mela is is one of the most popular fairs of Ludhiana and is held every year in Ludhiana.

Kila Raipur Mela

Kila Raipur mela is is one of the most popular fairs of Punjab and is held every year in Raipur, Ludhiana. it was in 1933. Philanthropist Inder Singh Grewal visualised an annual recreational meet where farmers from areas surrounding Kila Raipur could get together and test their corporal endurance. The idea gave birth to Kila Raipur Sports, the undisputed "Rural Olympics".

Kaler Mela


Jarag Mela

Jarag Mela is one of the most popular fairs of Punjab and is held every year in Jarag located in Payal village of Ludhiana. It is also celebrated in Malwa and Powad but the main fair is held in Jarag. Also known as the Beheria Mela, it is a fair that is celebrated with much pomp and gaiety in Punjab.Jarag Mela is celebrated in the Hindu month of Chaitra or in the months of March or April, according to the Christian calendar.

Sabha Mela

Sabha Mela is one of the most popular fairs of Punjab and is held every year in Machhiwarra, Ludhiana. Which is based on poor girls,needy girls marriage etc.

Gugga Naumi Mela


S. Santa Singh Fair


Khajuraho Fest

Khajuraho Festival of Dances is celebrated at a time when the hardness of winter begins to fade and the king of all seasons, spring, takes over. The most colourful and brilliant classical dance forms of India with their roots in the ling and rich cultural traditions across the country, offer a feast for the eyes during a weeklong extravaganza here.

Tansen Samaroh

Tansen Samaroh is celebrated every year in the month of December in Behat village of Gwalior district, Madhya Pradesh. It is a 4 day musical extravaganza . Artist and music lovers from all over the world gather here to pay tribute to the Great Indian Musical Maestro Tansen. The event is organized near the tomb of Tansen by the Academy of the department of culture, Government of Madhya Pradesh. Artists from all over India are invited to deliver vocal and instrumental performances.

Bahu Mela (March-April & September-October)

A major festival is held at the Kali Temple in Bahu Fort, twice a year, during Navratra festival.

Navratra Festival (September-October)

Though the yatra to the shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi is a round-the-year event, the one undertaken during the Navratras is considered the most auspicious. In order to showcase and highlight the regional culture, heritage and traditions of the area during this period, the State Tourism Department has instituted the Navratra Festival as an annual event to be held during September / October for all the nine auspicious days of the Navratras. A large number of tourists pay their obeisance to the deity during this period. This festival showcases the religious traditions as well as the popular culture of the region among the millions of pilgrims who visit the Vaishnodeviji Shrine during this period.

Chaitre Chaudash (March-April)

Chaitre Chaudash is celebrated at Uttar Behni, about 25 km from Jammu. Uttar Behni gets its name from the fact that the Devak River (locally also known as Gupt Ganga) flows here in the northerly direction.

Jhiri Mela (October-November)

An annual fair is held in the name of Baba Jitu, a simple and honest farmer who preferred to kill himself rather than submit to the unjust demands of the local landlord to part with his crop. He killed himself in the village of Jhiri, 14 km from Jammu. A legend has grown around the Baba and his followers congregate at Jhiri on the appointed day from every corner of North India; they revere him for his compassion, courage and honesty.

Sudh Mahadev Festival (June-July)

Pilgrims visit the Sudh Mahadev shrine on Historic Sudhmahadev 3 day Mela (Festival) on the full moon night of 'Sawan' (June -July) to worship the Trident (Trishul) and a mace. During this 3 day festival, arrangements are made to provide facilities to the visitors. Adequate transport is also provided by the government agencies from various destinations. The government also ensures security arrangements. Cultural programs are organized during the 3 day festival; in which the local performers entertain the visitors by showcasing various local dances and singing folk songs.

One can have stay in the temporary tented accommodations provided by J&K Government or even a Sarai maintained by the Dharamarth Trust, beside a few guest houses are also there. The temporary shops are also established by the people to provide various things and eatables to the visitors. Langars are also arranged by some devotees to provide free food to the visitors.

Some of the famous food items to eat during the festival are Rajmash Chawal with Desi Ghee, Chatni of Pudina and Anardana. Local food specialties include Klari (a milk preparation like paneer) or Klari kulcha and are very tasty and one must eat there. Those who love sweets have Jlabis and pure Khoya to eat. It is a great fair which provides lot of entertainment, natural scenery, joy and spiritual experience.

Purmandal Mela (February-March)

Purmandal is 39 km from Jammu city. On Shivratri, the town wears a festive look and for three days as people celebrate the marriage of Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati. The people of Jammu also come out in their colourful best to celebrate Shivratri at Peer Khoh, the Ranbireshwar Temple and the Panjbhaktar Temple. In fact, if one visits Jammu during Shivratri, one finds a celebration going on almost everywhere.

Shiv Khori Festival

Shiv Khori Festival is celebrated on the eve of Maha Shivratri every year at the Holy Cave Shrine of Shri Shiv Khori in Ransoo, District Reasi, and Jammu. Lakhs of pilgrims from different parts of the country visit this Cave Shrine to seek blessings of Lord Shiva. Dedicated to the Lord Shiva, the Shiv Khori Shrine is situated on a hillock in Jammu region of the Jammu & Kashmir state. Vehicles go up to Ransoo, surrounded by lush green mountains. Pilgrims have to traverse about 3 kms track from Ransoo by foot. The Shiv Khori Shrine can be approached by road from Katra, Udhampur and Jammu. The Road Distance of Village Ransoo is approximately 130 Kilometers from Jammu and approximately 80 Kilometers from Katra (the base camp of Mata Vaishno Deviji).

Jhiri Mela Festival (October)

The village Jhiri is located about 20 kms from Jammu, off the Jammu-Akhnoor highway. Every year during the Karthik Purnima (Late autumn full moon) falling during the last week of October and early November an annual mela is held here. Lacs of devotees throng the village to commemorate the martyrdom of Baba Jittoo, a farmer who gave up his life in protest against the oppressive demands of the zamindar about 500 years ago.

Legend has it that the zamindar demanded a major share of the wheat crop from Jit Mal a poor farmer. Since the peasant had toiled hard to cultivate the crop he did not want to yield to this unjust demand. Rather than parting with his crop, Jit Mal preferred to take the extreme step of ending his life over the heap of wheat. He has ever since been venerated as Baba Jittoo and is revered for standing up against the injustice and unfair treatment meted out to the peasantry during the feudal times.

The festivities during the mela last for a week with the main day of the fair being held on Karthik Purnima. People pay obeisance at the Baba Jittoo temple and seek his blessings and the blessings of his daughter Bua Kouri, who as per the legend also took her life by jumping on her father's funeral pyre. People also take a customary dip in the Baba-da-Talab (Pond), a natural pond four kms from the temple which is believed to have curative powers.

A huge market comes up at the site of the mela and shops and stalls selling food items and all sorts of wares are set up. Entertainment and rural sports like dangal (wrestling) also form an important feature of the fair. At a distance 5 km from Jhiri are located ancient temples of Sui & Burj known for their exquisite and elaborate wall paintings and metal idols of Shri Ram & Sita.

Uttarayani Fair - Ghughutia (January)

Ghughutia or Uttarayani is the festival mainly celebrated in the kumaon region of the uttarakhand , it is also known as makar sankranti. According to the Hindu religious texts, on this day the sun enters the Zodiacal sign of 'Makar' (Capricon) from the Zodiacal sign of the Kark (Cancer), i.e. from this day onwards the sun becomes 'Uttarayan' or it starts moving to the north. It is said that from this day, which signals a change of season, the migratory birds start returning to the hills and the marriage season also starts after uttarayani.People give Khichadi (a mixture of pulses and rice) in charity, take ceremonial dips in holy rivers, participate in the Uttarayani fairs and celebrate the festival of Ghughutia .This festival is also known as Kale Kauva (literal translation 'black crow').

Basant Panchami (January-February)

The festival of Basant Panchami celebrates the coming of the spring season. This festival, which also signals the end of winter, is generally celebrated during Magh (January – February). During this festival people worship the Goddess Saraswati, use yellow handkerchiefs or even yellow cloths and in a few places people put a yellow tilak on their foreheads. This festival also marks the beginning of holi baithaks.

Harela and Bhitauli (July)

Harela is a Hindu festival celebrated basically in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand state of India. It is celebrated thrice in year, the first two are during both the Navratis, Chaitra Navrati in the month of Chaitra and Sharad Navratri in the month of Ashwin. This is followed by Bhaitauli or Bhitauli wherein gifts are given to girls of the family. The Shravan Harela is celebrated as the first day (Kark Sankranti) of Hindu calendar month of Sravan (late July). It is also symbol for the onset of rainy season (Monsoon) as Harela literally means "Day of Green". Agriculture-based communities in the region consider it highly auspicious, as it marks the beginning on sowing cycle. They pray for the good harvest and prosperity.

Olgia or Ghee Sankranti (August)

Olgia is celebrated on the first day of Bhado (middle of August), when the harvest is lush and green, vegetables are in abundance and the milch animals very productive. In ancient times sons-in-law and nephews would give presents to fathers-in-law and maternal uncles, respectively, in order to celebrate Olgia. Today agriculturists and artisans give presents to the owners of their land and purchasers of their tools and receive gifts and money in return. Binai (oral harp), datkhocha (metallic tooth pick), metal calipers, axes, ghee, vegetables and firewood are some of the presents exchanged on this day. People put ghee on their foreheads and eat ghee and chapatis stuffed with ‘urad' dal. It is believed that walnuts sweeten after this festival. This festival, which is a celebration of the produce of the land, is now seldom celebrated.

Phool Dei (March)

Phool Dei is celebrated on the first day of the month of Chaitra in mid March. On this day, young girls conduct most of the ceremonies. In some places this festival is celebrated throughout the month with the advent of spring. During this festival young girls go to all the houses in the muhalla or the village with plates full of rice, jaggery, coconut, green leaves and flowers. They offer their good wishes for the prosperity of the household and are given blessings and presents (sweets, gur, money etc) in return.

Janopunyu (August)

The people of Kumaon celebrate Raksha Bandhan and Janopunyu, the day on which people change their janeu (sacred thread). On this day the famous Bagwal fair is held at Devidhura in district Champawat.

Khatarua (September)

Khatarua is essentially the special festival of pastoral- agricultural society and celebrated on the first day of the month of Ashwin in mid September, and signifies the beginning of the autumn. On this day people light bonfires, around which children dance, holding aloft colourful flags. People take special care of their animals and feed them fresh grass. Cucumbers are offered to the fire of Khatarua, which is said to destroy all evil influences. The victory of the king of Kumaon is also said to be one of the reasons for the celebration of Khatarua.

Baba Balak Nath Fair (March-April)

Baba Balaknath Fair is an eminent religious festival of the state. The festival is celebrated during the months of March and April. Usually Baba Balaknath Fair is a month long affair that spans from 14th March to 13th April. The celebrations take place in the holy sanctums of Shah Talai, 42 km from the Himachal Pradesh's Bilaspur District.

Tourists from all nooks and corners of the country as well as abroad appear in the state during the charming months of spring.

Dal Lake Fair (September)

Come September and the crystal clear Dal Lake and its surroundings will come alive with the annual Dal Lake Fair. The Dal Lake Fair in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh is a vibrant fair, which attracts a large number of people coming from all across the country. The Dal Lake Fair is organized on the day of Radhastami, which generally falls on the month of August or September. Tourists and pilgrims flock in the banks of the Dal Lake to take holy dips in the sacred water.

Dhungri Forest Festival in Manali (May)

This is three day festival takes place every year in Dhungri near Manali where Mata Hidimba Devi temple is situated. This is celebrated from 14th May to 16th May. The festival is a celebration of Mata Hidimba Devi birthday.

Nalwari Mela

Himachal Pradesh, the erstwhile summer capital of British India abounds in mind blowing natural beauty, cultural splendor and tourist attractions. The numerous fairs and festivals evince the cultural extravaganza of the state. Nalwari Mela is one such statewide fair that is celebrated with pomp and grandeur.

Nalwari Mela is a statewide fair that is celebrated in Himachal Pradesh. The fairgrounds are placed in the state's Bilaspur district which witnesses a steady influx people from all corners of the state as well as the adjacent states who flock here to rejoice in the celebrations. This fair testifies the fun loving and colorful side of the natures of the inhabitants of Himachal Pradesh.The festival commences on the afternoon of 17th March, tentatively around 1:00 p.m. and continues up to the afternoon of 23rd March. The cultural carnival showcases the arts, culture and entertainment that prevail in the state along with the societal lifestyle.

Camel Festival

This wonderful fest is rejoiced at the huge parklands, supplemented with golden-yellow powder and the huge Junagarh Fort at its background. The superb festivities start with the march of gorgeously decked camels. The camels are incredibly decorated with cheerful colors, elegant Rajasthani cloths and striking fixtures. The march leads to the open sand grounds, where the festival begins. Camel show is organized on the first day of the festival, in which the camel holders beautify their camels in the finest way with jewelry and clothing.

Desert Festival (February)

As everyone knows that India is a huge country and ther are lots of places to visit here. If you are in india then you must visit Rajasthan and if you are here during the month of February then you are indeed lucky and you can visit famous festival of Jaisalmer Desert Festival and is joined by villagers all over Rajasthan and the visitors around the world. You will be enjoying folk dance, acrobatics and the other open air performances.

Gangaur Festival (March-April)

Gangaur festival of Rajasthan is celebrated on April / March in reverence to goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. In this festival, if the women are unmarried she prays for being blessed with good husband, while married women pray for the health, love, long life and welfare of their husbands and happy married life. Gangaur is one of the most important festivals of Rajasthan. Although, Gangaur festival is organized just in some cities like: Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Nathdwara.

Nagaur Cattle Fair

Nagaur carnival attracts several merchants from all over state of Rajasthan or nearby states comes with their livestock which includes camels, horses, bullocks and sheep. It is normally estimated that about 70,000 livestock are being merchandised each year in the carnival. The cattle decorated in the generous jewels look very pretty as if they are preparing to join some kind pageant. Even the livestock vendors join the fest wearing colorful turbans and elegant long whiskers.

Mewar Festival (September-October)

The Marwar Festival is organized in Jodhpur on September / October in memory of the heroes of Rajasthan, for two days during the full moon of Sharad Poornima. Marwar Festival is dedicated for dance and music. Held for two days, the main attraction is the romantic folk music lifestyle of Rajasthan. The folk singers and dancers provide lively and fun entertainment. Among other attractions at the festival there is polo and camel tattoo show, an unforgettable experience for all family.

Puskar Fair (October-November)

Pushkar fair is organized on October / November, which celebrated with vigor by locals. Every year the fair gathers thousands of travelers. Pushkar Camel fair is a traditional event in Rajasthan with activities such as musical events and cultural activities, thrilling camel safari tours and staying in the traditional camps.

The fair sole aim of trading cattle includes horses, cows, goats, sheep, camels etc, it is a show for public displays. Once the trading is completed, they decked up the animals with dazzling ornaments and beautiful clothes for public displays.

Kumbh Mela (January-February)

The month long Kumbh Mela of Allahabad is one of the largest fairs of the world and is attended by millions of pilgrims from all over India as well as the devout from the world over. Maha Kumbh is held after a gap of twelve years where as Ardha Kumbh is held in the Sixth year after Maha Kumbh, in the months of January-February, on the banks of the holy confluence (Sangam) of rivers Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati.

The Kumbh Mela is generally held every three years in rotation at Allahabad, Hardwar, Ujjain and Nasik. The period of Kumbh Mela is Magh (Jan-Feb) month of Hindu calendar.

Ardh Kumbh Mela (January-February)

Held in the 6th year after Kumbh Mela, i.e. it falls between two Kumbh Melas. It has got the same religious value and attracts millions of people. It has the same main bathing days as in Kumbh Mela.

Magh Mela (January-February)

Magh Mela (The Annual Mini Kumbh) is held every year on the banks of Sangam. Magh Mela is held in the month of Magh (January-February); hence Magh Mela. During this period about two or three million of devotees throng here.

Kampil Fair (March)

It was the birthplace of the 13th tirthaiikar Brahlan Vimal Nath and was graced by the visit of Lord Mahavir. The neighbouring ruins and mounds contain the relics and sculptures of Jain period. Every year a Jain Mela is held for five days in the month of March thronged by devout Jains.

Ramnavmi Mela (April)

Ayodhya, the holy city of the sacred pilgrim centre of Hindus plays host to the Ramnavmi Festival in the month of April. Thousands of worshippers gather to venerate the Lord at Kanak Bhawan.

Rambarat (September-October)

The marriage procession of Sri Ram is held every year during Ramlila celebrations at Agra. Every year a new locale of the town is chosen as Janakpuri, which is elaborately decorated to perform the royal wedding. The Rambarat (marriage procession) starts from Lala Channomaiji Id Baradari for Janakpuri passing through different parts of the town. The barat is a large procession of Jhankis followed by the swaroops of Ram-Lakshman mounted on elephants.

Deva Mela (October)

The annual urs of Haji Waris Ali Shah is celebrated during October & November months at Deva 10 km. from Barabanki. This fair attracts pilgrims from as far as Pakistan and the Middle East countries. The shrine of the Sufi Saint is much revered by Muslim pilgrims all over the world.

Bateshwar Fair (October-November)

Situated at a distance of 70 km. from Agra on the banks of river Yamuna, Bateshwar is an important spiritual and cultural centre.

The place is named after the presiding deity of the region, Bateshwar Mahadeo and has 108 temples dedicated to the gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon. During the months of October & November a large fair is organized from Shashthi of Kartik month to Panchami of Agrahayan month. Devotees congregate here in large numbers to worship Lord Shiva and take holy dips in river Yamuna. A livestock fair is also organized and owners and buyers conduct serious business combined with the gaiety of a market place.

IRS 2012 Q4

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